https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-4144-4826

Document Type



Optics | Physical Sciences and Mathematics | Physics

Publication Details

Physical Review E, vol. 85, 046212.

© 2012 American Physical Society


Two routes to phase-locking in the optically injected laser system are investigated both involving limit cycles where the phase of the slave laser is unlocked but is nevertheless bounded. We use an experimental phase-resolving technique to unambiguously demonstrate the phenomenon via explicit phasors for the slave laser electric field. Theoretical considerations show that for locking mechanisms involving Hopf bifurcations, such limit cycles of bounded phase are generic. For weakly damped devices, such as quantum well lasers, this can involve an excited resonance at the relaxation oscillation frequency. For highly damped devices there is no such excitation but the bounded phase behavior must persist. Phasor portraits for other regimes are also obtained including a chaotic regime.

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