Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics | Optics | Physical Sciences and Mathematics | Physics
In this paper, we investigate a 16-sector spiral metalens fabricated on a thin film (130 nm) of amorphous silicon, consisting of a set of subwavelength binary diffractive gratings and with a numerical aperture that is close to unity. The metalens converts linearly polarized incident light into an azimuthally polarized optical vortex and focuses it at a distance approximately equal to the wavelength of the incident light, k ¼ 633 nm. Using a scanning near-field optical microscope, it is shown experimentally that the metalens forms an elliptical focal spot with diameters smaller than the diffraction limit: FWHMx ¼ 0.32k (60.03k) and FWHMy ¼ 0.51k (60.03k). The experimental results are close to those of a numerical simulation using the FDTD method, with FWHMx ¼ 0.37k and FWHMy ¼ 0.49k. The technological errors due to manufacturing were taken into account in the simulation. This is the smallest focal spot yet obtained with a metalens.
Victor V. Kotlyar, Sergey S. Stafeev, Anton G. Nalimov, and Liam O'Faolain , "Subwavelength grating-based spiral metalens for tight focusing of laser light", Applied Physics Letters 114, 141107 (2019) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5092760