Authors

Angela Carlin, University of Limerick
Camille Perchoux, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Anna Puggina, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome
Katina Aleksovska, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome
Christoph Buck, Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology
Con Burns, Department of Sport, Leisure & Childhood Studies, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, IrelandFollow
Greet Cardon, Universiteit Gent
Simon Chantal, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Donatella Ciarapica, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics -Research Centre for Food and Nutrition
Giancarlo Condello, Università degli Studi di Roma "Foro Italico"
Tara Coppinger, Department of Sport, Leisure & Childhood Studies, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, IrelandFollow
Cristina Cortis, Universita di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale
Sara D’Haese, Universiteit Gent
Marieke De Craemer, Universiteit Gent
Andrea Di Blasio, 'G. d'Annunzio' University of Chieti-Pescara
Sylvia Hansen, Universität Stuttgart
Licia Iacoviello, Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli
Johann Issartel, Dublin City University
Pascal Izzicupo, 'G. d'Annunzio' University of Chieti-Pescara
Lina Jaeschke, Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine
Martina Kanning, Universität Konstanz
Aileen Kennedy, Dublin City University
Jeroen Lakerveld, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research
Fiona Chun Man Ling, University of Limerick
Agnes Luzak, Helmholtz Center Munich German Research Center for Environmental Health
Giorgio Napolitano, 'G. d'Annunzio' University of Chieti-Pescara
Julie Anne Nazare, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Tobias Pischon, Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine
Angela Polito, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics -Research Centre for Food and Nutrition
Alessandra Sannella, Universita di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale
Holger Schulz, Bournemouth University
Rhoda Sohun, University of Limerick

ORCID

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7251-4516

Document Type

Article

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Disciplines

Environmental Public Health | International Public Health | Medicine and Health Sciences | Pediatrics | Public Health | Sports Studies

Publication Details

© 2017 Carlin et al. .

Carlin, A. et al., 2017. A life course examination of the physical environmental determinants of physical activity behaviour: A “Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity” (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review M. Buchowski, ed. PLOS ONE, 12(8), p.e0182083. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182083.

Abstract

Background: Participation in regular physical activity is associated with a multitude of health benefits across the life course. However, many people fail to meet PA recommendations. Despite a plethora of studies, the evidence regarding the environmental (physical) determinants of physical activity remains inconclusive. Objective: To identify the physical environmental determinants that influence PA across the life course. Methods: An online systematic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and SPORTDiscus. The search was limited to studies published in English (January 2004 to April 2016). Only systematic literature reviews (SLRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) of observational studies, that investigated the association between physical determinants and physical activity outcomes, were eligible for inclusion. The extracted data were assessed on the importance of determinants, strength of evidence and methodological quality. Results: The literature search identified 28 SLRs and 3 MAs on 67 physical environmental characteristics potentially related to physical activity that were eligible for inclusion. Among preschool children, a positive association was reported between availability of backyard space and outdoor toys/equipment in the home and overall physical activity. The availability of physical activity programs and equipment within schools, and neighbourhood features such as pedestrian and cyclist safety structure were positively associated with physical activity in children and adolescents. Negative street characteristics, for example, lack of sidewalks and streetlights, were negatively associated with physical activity in adults. Inconsistent associations were reported for the majority of reviewed determinants in adults. Conclusion: This umbrella SLR provided a comprehensive overview of the physical environment determinants of physical activity across the life course and has highlighted, particularly amongst youth, a number of key determinants that may be associated with overall physical activity. Given the limited evidence drawn mostly from cross-sectional studies, longitudinal studies are needed to further explore these associations. Registration: PROSPERO CRD42015010616.

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