Authors

Lina Jaeschke, Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine
Astrid Steinbrecher, Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine
Agnes Luzak, Helmholtz Center Munich German Research Center for Environmental Health
Anna Puggina, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome
Katina Aleksovska, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome
Christoph Buck, Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology
Con Burns, Department of Sport, Leisure & Childhood Studies, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, IrelandFollow
Greet Cardon, Universiteit Gent
Angela Carlin, University of Limerick
Simon Chantal, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Donatella Ciarapica, CREA Research Centre for Food and Nutrition
Giancarlo Condello, Università degli Studi di Roma "Foro Italico"
Tara Coppinger, Department of Sport, Leisure & Childhood Studies, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, IrelandFollow
Cristina Cortis, Universita di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale
Marieke De Craemer, Universiteit Gent
Sara D'Haese, Universiteit Gent
Andrea Di Blasio, University of G. d'Annunzio Chieti and Pescara
Sylvia Hansen, Universität Stuttgart
Licia Iacoviello, Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli
Johann Issartel, Dublin City University
Pascal Izzicupo, University of G. d'Annunzio Chieti and Pescara
Martina Kanning, Universität Konstanz
Aileen Kennedy, Dublin City University
Fiona Chun Man Ling, University of Limerick
Giorgio Napolitano, University of G. d'Annunzio Chieti and Pescara
Julie Anne Nazare, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Camille Perchoux, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Angela Polito, CREA Research Centre for Food and Nutrition
Walter Ricciardi, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
Alessandra Sannella, Universita di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale
Wolfgang Schlicht, Universität Stuttgart
Rhoda Sohun, University of Limerick

ORCID

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7251-4516

Document Type

Article

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Disciplines

Environmental Public Health | International Public Health | Medicine and Health Sciences | Public Health | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Sociology of Culture | Sports Studies

Publication Details

© 2017 The Author(s).

Jaeschke, L. et al., 2017. Socio-cultural determinants of physical activity across the life course: a “Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity” (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1). Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0627-3.

Abstract

Objective: Regular physical activity (PA) reduces the risk of disease and premature death. Knowing factors associated with PA might help reducing the disease and economic burden caused by low activity. Studies suggest that socio-cultural factors may affect PA, but systematic overviews of findings across the life course are scarce. This umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) summarizes and evaluates available evidence on socio-cultural determinants of PA in children, adolescents, and adults. Methods: This manuscript was drafted following the recommendations of the 'Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses' (PRISMA) checklist. The MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus databases were searched for SLRs and meta-analyses (MAs) on observational studies published in English that assessed PA determinants between January 2004 and April 2016. The methodological quality was assessed and relevant information on socio-cultural determinants and any associations with PA was extracted. The available evidence was evaluated based on the importance of potential determinants and the strength of the evidence. Results: Twenty SLRs and three MAs encompassing 657 eligible primary studies investigated potential socio-cultural PA determinants, with predominantly moderate methodological quality. Twenty-nine potential PA determinants were identified that were primarily assessed in children and adolescents and investigated the micro-environmental home/household level. We found probable evidence that receiving encouragement from significant others and having a companion for PA were associated with higher PA in children and adolescents, and that parental marital status (living with partner) and experiencing parental modeling were not associated with PA in children. Evidence for the other potential determinants was limited, suggestive, or non-conclusive. In adults, quantitative and conclusive data were scarce. Conclusions: A substantial number of SLRs and MAs investigating potential socio-cultural determinants of PA were identified. Our data suggest that receiving social support from significant others may increase PA levels in children and adolescents, whereas parental marital status is not a determinant in children. Evidence for other potential determinants was limited. This was mainly due to inconsistencies in results on potential socio-cultural determinants of PA across reviews and studies. Trial registrations: This umbrella SLR was recorded on PROSPERO (Record ID: CRD42015010616).

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