Authors

Grainne O’Donoghue, University College Dublin
Aileen Kennedy, Dublin City University
Anna Puggina, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome
Katina Aleksovska, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome
Christoph Buck, Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology
Con Burns, Department of Sport, Leisure & Childhood Studies, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, IrelandFollow
Greet Cardon, Universiteit Gent
Angela Carlin, University of Limerick
Donatella Ciarapica, Research Centre for Food and Nutrition
Marco Colotto, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome
Giancarlo Condello, Università degli Studi di Roma "Foro Italico"
Tara Coppinger, Department of Sport, Leisure & Childhood Studies, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, IrelandFollow
Cristina Cortis, Universita di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale
Sara D’Haese, Universiteit Gent
Marieke De Craemer, Universiteit Gent
Andrea Di Blasio, University of G. d'Annunzio Chieti and Pescara
Sylvia Hansen, Universität Stuttgart
Licia Iacoviello, Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli
Johann Issartel, Dublin City University
Pascal Izzicupo, University of G. d'Annunzio Chieti and Pescara
Lina Jaeschke, Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine
Martina Kanning, Universität Konstanz
Fiona Ling, University of Limerick
Agnes Luzak, Helmholtz Center Munich German Research Center for Environmental Health
Giorgio Napolitano, University of G. d'Annunzio Chieti and Pescara
Julie Anne Nazare, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Camille Perchoux, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Caterina Pesce, Università degli Studi di Roma "Foro Italico"
Tobias Pischon, Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine
Angela Polito, Research Centre for Food and Nutrition
Alessandra Sannella, Universita di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale
Holger Schulz, Helmholtz Center Munich German Research Center for Environmental Health

ORCID

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7251-4516

Document Type

Article

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Disciplines

Environmental Public Health | Health Economics | Medicine and Health Sciences | Public Health | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Sports Sciences | Sports Studies

Publication Details

© 2018 O'Donoghue et al. .

O’Donoghue, G. et al., 2018. Socio-economic determinants of physical activity across the life course: A “DEterminants of DIet and Physical ACtivity” (DEDIPAC) umbrella literature review Y. Henchoz, ed. PLOS ONE, 13(1), p.e0190737. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190737.

Abstract

Background To date, the scientific literature on socioeconomic correlates and determinants of physical activity behaviours has been dispersed throughout a number of systematic reviews, often focusing on one factor (e.g. education or parental income) in one specific age group (e.g. pre-school children or adults). The aim of this umbrella review is to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of the scientific literature from previously conducted research by summarising and synthesising the importance and strength of the evidence related to socioeconomic correlates and determinants of PA behaviours across the life course. Methods Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and SPORTDiscus were searched for systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies investigating the association between socioeconomic determinants of PA and PA itself (from January 2004 to September 2017). Data extraction evaluated the importance of determinants, strength of evidence, and methodological quality of the selected papers. The full protocol is available from PROSPERO (PROSPERO2014:CRD42015010616). Results Nineteen reviews were included. Moderate methodological quality emerged. For adults, convincing evidence supports a relationship between PA and socioeconomic status (SES), especially in relation to leisure time (positive relationship) and occupational PA (negative relationship). Conversely, no association between PA and SES or parental SES was found for pre-school, school-aged children and adolescents. Conclusions Available evidence on the socioeconomic determinants of PA behaviour across the life course is probable (shows fairly consistent associations) at best. While some evidence is available for adults, less was available for youth. This is mainly due to a limited quantity of primary studies, weak research designs and lack of accuracy in the PA and SES assessment methods employed. Further PA domain specific studies using longitudinal design and clear measures of SES and PA assessment are required.

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