Document Type

Article

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Disciplines

Astrophysics and Astronomy | External Galaxies | Stars, Interstellar Medium and the Galaxy

CIT Disciplines

1.3 PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Publication Details

The Astrophysical Journal Letters

Abstract

We present evidence that the very high energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray emission coincident with the supernova remnant IC 443 is extended. IC 443 contains one of the best studied sites of supernova remnant/molecular cloud interaction and the pulsar wind nebula CXOU J061705.3+222127, both of which are important targets for VHE observations. VERITAS observed IC 443 for 37.9 hr during 2007 and detected emission above 300 GeV with an excess of 247 events, resulting in a significance of 8.3 standard deviations (σ) before trials and 7.5σ after trials in a point-source search. The emission is centered at 6h16m51s + 22°30'11'' (J2000) ±003stat ± 008sys, with an intrinsic extension of 016 ± 003stat ± 004sys. The VHE spectrum is well fit by a power law (dN/dE = N 0 × (E/TeV)–Γ) with a photon index of 2.99 ± 0.38stat ± 0.3sys and an integral flux above 300 GeV of (4.63 ± 0.90stat ± 0.93sys) × 10–12 cm–2 s–1. These results are discussed in the context of existing models for gamma-ray production in IC 443.

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