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Physical Sciences and Mathematics
The refractive index dynamics of InAs/GaAs quantum dot based waveguide absorbers is studied using heterodyne pump-probe measurements. Absorption reduction due to the pump can be accompanied by either positive or negative refractive index changes depending on the wavelength used. This change in sign of the phase amplitude coupling can be understood by considering the atomlike nature of the quantum dot transitions involved.
Piwonski, T. et al., 2007. Refractive index dynamics of quantum dot based waveguide electroabsorbers. Applied Physics Letters, 97(05), p.051107. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3476347.