Genomics of Weissella cibaria with an examination of its metabolic traits

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



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Microbiology (United Kingdom)


© 2015 The Authors. Weissella is a genus of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) consisting of species formerly included in the Leuconostoc paramesenteroides group. Similar to other LAB, they are commonly found in fermented foods but have also been isolated from environmental and human samples. Currently there are 20 recognized species. Herein, three Weissella cibaria genomes were sequenced using Illumia Mi-Seq and Roche 454 technologies. Annotation was performed using the Prokka and JGI IMG pipelines. A thorough analysis of the genomics of the W. cibaria strains was performed, in addition to brief comparative analyses of the genus Weissella as a whole. Genomic sequence data from the newly sequenced W. cibaria strains and data available in GenBank for other Weissella strains was used (n=10; four Weissella cibaria, one Weissella ceti, one Weissella confusa, one Weissella halotolerans, two Weissella koreensis and one Weissella paramesenteroides). The genomes had sizes varying from 1.3 to 2.4 Mb. DNA G+C contents ranged from 35 to 45 mol%. The core- and pan-proteome at genus and species levels were determined. The genus pan-proteome was found to comprise 4712 proteins. Analysis of the four W. cibaria genomes indicated that the core-proteome, consisting of 729 proteins, constitutes 69% of the species pan-proteome. This large core-set may explain the divergent niches in which this species has been found. In W. cibaria, in addition to a number of phosphotransferase systems conferring the ability to assimilate plant-associated polysaccharides, an extensive proteolytic system was identified.

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