Document Type

Article

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Disciplines

Biology | Biotechnology | Genomics | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Medicine and Health Sciences | Microbiology | Organisms | Public Health

CIT Disciplines

1.6 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Microbiology; 3.3 HEALTH SCIENCES; Infectious diseases; Parasitology; Epidemiology; 3.4 HEALTH BIOTECHNOLOGY; Technologies involving identifying the functioning of DNA,

Publication Details

Epidemiology & Infection

Abstract

Group B Streptococcal isolates (n = 235) from the South of Ireland were characterised by serotyping, antimicrobial susceptibility and determination of the phenotypic and genotypic mechanisms of resistance. Resistance to erythromycin and clindamycin was observed in 21·3% and 20·4% of the total population, respectively. The c-MLSB phenotype was the most common phenotype detected (62%), with ermB being the predominant genetic determinant, present in 84% of resistant isolates. The rare L phenotype was observed in 2·9% (n = 7) of isolates, four of which harboured the lsaC gene responsible for clindamycin resistance. Serotypes Ia, III and II were the most common amongst the entire study population (28·1%, 24·7% and 14%, respectively). Four of the seven L phenotype isolates were serotype III and two of these strains were confirmed as the hypervirulent clone, ST-17 and harboured the hvgA gene. This is the first documented case of the L phenotype in Ireland to date and the study findings emphasise the need for continued monitoring of antibiotic resistance and serotype distribution in GBS isolates from Ireland.

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