Document Type

Article

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Disciplines

Animal Sciences | Bacteriology | Bioinformatics | Biology | Biotechnology | Dairy Science | Ecology and Evolutionary Biology | Environmental Health | Environmental Microbiology and Microbial Ecology | Food Biotechnology | Food Microbiology | Food Science | Genetics and Genomics | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Meat Science | Medical Microbiology | Medical Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Microbiology | Nutrition | Organismal Biological Physiology | Organisms | Other Animal Sciences | Other Microbiology | Parasitology | Pathogenic Microbiology | Pharmacology, Toxicology and Environmental Health | Public Health | Virology

CIT Disciplines

Microbiology; 1.6 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Virology; Biochemistry and molecular biology; Zoology; 3.3 HEALTH SCIENCES; Public and environmental health; Parasitology; Infectious diseases; 4. AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; 4.2 ANIMAL AND DAIRY SCIENCE; Animal and dairy science; Agricultural biotechnology and food biotechnology; *diagnostics

Publication Details

Frontiers in Microbiology / Food Microbiology

Received: 28 July 2015; Accepted: 25 September 2015;
Published: 09 October 2015.

Edited by:

Abd El-Latif Hesham, Assiut University, Egypt

Reviewed by:

Evelien M. Adriaenssens, University of Pretoria, South Africa
David Rodriguez-Lazaro, Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León, Spain

Copyright © 2015 Casey, Jordan, Neve, Coffey and McAuliffe. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

*Correspondence: Olivia McAuliffe, olivia.mcauliffe@teagasc.ie

Abstract

The physical characteristics of bacteriophages establish them as viable candidates for downstream development of pathogen detection assays and biocontrol measures. To utilize phages for such purposes, a detailed knowledge of their host interaction mechanisms is a prerequisite. There is currently a wealth of knowledge available concerning Gram-negative phage-host interaction, but little by comparison for Gram-positive phages and Listeria phages in particular. In this research, the lytic spectrum of two recently isolated Listeria monocytogenes phages (vB_LmoS_188 and vB_LmoS_293) was determined, and the genomic basis for their observed serotype 4b/4e host-specificity was investigated using comparative genomics. The late tail genes of these phages were identified to be highly conserved when compared to other serovar 4-specific Listeria phages. Spontaneous mutants of each of these phages with broadened host specificities were generated. Their late tail gene sequences were compared with their wild-type counterparts resulting in the putative identification of the products of ORF 19 of vB_LmoS_188 and ORF 20 of vB_LmoS_293 as the receptor binding proteins of these phages. The research findings also indicate that conserved baseplate architectures and host interaction mechanisms exist for Listeria siphoviruses with differing host-specificities, and further contribute to the current knowledge of phage-host interactions with regard to Listeria phages.

Share

COinS