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Biology | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Life Sciences | Parasitology
Reported incidence rates of cryptosporidiosis in Ireland are consistently among the highest in Europe. Despite the national prevalence of this enteric parasite and the compulsory nature of incidence surveillance and reporting, in-depth analyses seeking to genotype clinical isolates of Cryptosporidium on an intra-species level are rarely undertaken in Ireland. This molecular epidemiology study of 163 clinical Cryptosporidium isolates was conducted in Southern Ireland, from 2015 to 2018, in order to ascertain population subtype heterogeneity. Analysis was conducted via real-time PCR amplification and gp60 gene sequencing, which successfully determined the subtype designation of 149 of the 163 (91.4%) tested isolates. Overall, 12 C. parvum and five C. hominis subtypes were identified, with the incidence of the regionally predominant C. parvum species found to primarily occur during springtime months, while C. hominis incidence was largely confined to late summer and autumnal months. Additionally, one C. parvum and four C. hominis subtypes were newly reported by this study, having not been previously identified in clinical or livestock infection in Ireland. Overall, these data give insight into the diversification of the Cryptosporidium population and emergent subtypes, while also allowing comparisons to be made with clinical epidemiological profiles reported previously in Ireland and elsewhere.
Jennifer K. O’ Leary, Liam Blake, Gerard D. Corcoran, Roy D. Sleator, Brigid Lucey, Increased diversity and novel subtypes among clinical Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis isolates in Southern Ireland, Experimental Parasitology, Volume 218, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2020.107967