Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Thesis

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Prof Kevin J. James


The contamination of the aquatic environment with pesticides has become an emerging environmental issue because of the potential risk to human health and wildlife. Effluent from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have been identified as an important source of micro­organic contaminants in the environment. The EC have implemented several directives for the control of pesticides in the environment including the 98/83/EEC directive establishing the concentration of pesticide allowed for human consumption, the 2000/60/EC directive set up to monitor priority pollutants that are hazardous substances in the environment and REACH ensuring these substances are registered, controlled, therefore ensuring that the industry is more responsible for the hazardous substances that they produce. Due to the enforcement of legislation by the EC, Member States are under increased pressure to dete1mine the environmental impact of pesticides in the environment. Liquid Chromatography- Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) techniques have been demonstrated to provide data that is sufficiently sensitive as well as confirmatory to meet the EC regulations for the control of pesticides in environmental waters. Chapter one reviews the detection of pesticides in environmental waters using LC-MS methods.

Access Level


Included in

Chemistry Commons